Patterson K. Is photoshopping science universally wrong? The Conversation June 1, 2016
Photoshop has become a proprietary eponym for image manipulation, and manipulation of scientific images is universally unethical. Scientists rely on a vast array of technologies to capture, measure, test, display and communicate their research. Raw scientific data needs to be detected or discovered and then the data often needs to be transformed, or manipulated into a comprehensible form. There are detailed guidelineson what is considered appropriate vs inappropriate image manipulation techniques.